Упражнения Past Simple Past Perfect

Содержание

Past Tenses. Упражнения на прошедшие времена (advanced)

Упражнения Past Simple Past Perfect

Выполните упражнения на все прошедшие времена в английском языке, а именно Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect. Упражнения взяты из сборника упражнений Ю. Голицынский, частично изменены и дополнены.

Повторить прошедшие времена в английском языке:

  • Past Simple Tense
  • Past Continuous Tense
  • Past Perfect Tense

PastTensesRevision (Повторение времен группы Past)

A. Сопоставьте время глагола Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect и характер действия:

  • действие происходило давно и не связано с настоящим
  • действие, которое происходило в какой-то момент в прошлом (процесс)
  • последовательность действий в прошлом
  • действие, которое уже закончено к определенному моменту в прошлом

В. Подберите примеры:

  • В детстве я любил играть в солдатики (tin soldires).
  • Дети занимались английским с 16.00 до 18.00.
  • Мы пошли на рыбалку, поймали много рыбы, затем приготовили уху и сьели ее.
  • Она приготовила ужин к  времени его прихода.

С. Переведите примеры.

* * *

Упражнения на прошедшие времена в английском языке Past Simple, Past Continuous и Past Perfect в сравнении

Упражнение вводное. Сопоставьте время глагола и временное выражение.

then, when? (вопрос), when he came, when after) he came, before he came, from 2 till 3, at 5 o`clock yesterday, by the time he came, yesterday, last night/ year, a week/month ago, in 1999, the other day, while, all day/ night/ morning, after, etc.

Past SimplePast ContinuousPast Perfect

* * *

Упражнение 1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Perfect.1. By two o’clock the teacher (to examine) all the students.2. On my way to school I (to remember) that I (to leave) my report at home.3.

All my friends (to be) glad to hear that I (to pass) all the exams successfully.4. Poor boy (to open) his eyes, (to look) around and (to try) to remember what (to happen) to him.5. All the passengers (to see) at once that the old man (to travel) a lot in his life.6.

By the time we (to come) to see him, he (to leave) home.7. During the holidays my friend (to visit) the village where he (to live) in his childhood.8. When they (to enter) the hall, the performance already (to begin).9. When I (to come) home, my mother (to go) shopping.

10.

He (to study) French before he (to enter) the university.

* * *

Упражнение 2. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Perfect.

1. I (to think) he already (to go) home.2. I (not to see) him after we (to meet )at the concert.3. He (to leave) the house before I (to have ) time to ask him anything.4. After he (to spend) some days in Paris he (to feel) lonely and (to want) to return home.5. He (to speak) a language we never (to hear) before.6. When the rain (to stop), I (to look ) the window.7.

The telegram (to come) some minutes after he (to leave).8. She (to think) that Tom and Lanny (to quarrel).9. The girl (to be) glad that she (to find) a seat near the win¬dow.10. He (to remember) that he (not to ring) her up in the morning.11. By the time the train (to reach) the city, he (to make) friends with many passengers.
12.

When my uncle (to leave), he (to hurry) to the station to book a ticket.

* * *

Сравните употребление Past Simple, Past Continuous и Past Perfect

Упражнение 3. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple, Past Continuous и Past Perfect.1. By eight o’clock yesterday I (to finish) my work and at eight I (to play) the piano.2. By six o’clock father (to come) home and at six he (to have) dinner.3.

By nine o’clock yesterday grandmother (to wash) the dishes and at nine she (to watch) TV.4. When I (to meet) Tom, he (to eat) an ice-cream which he (to buy) at the corner of the street.5. When father (to come) home, we (to cook) the mushrooms which we (to gather) in the wood.6.

When I (to see) Ann, she (to look) at the flowers which she (to pick) in the field.7. When I (to come) home yesterday, I (to see) that my little brother (to break) my pen and (to play) with its pieces.8.

When I (to open) the door of the classroom, I (to see) that the teacher already (to come) and a student (to write) a test.9. When I (to come) home my sister (to read) a book which she (to bring) from the library.10. When mother (to come) home, the children (to eat) the soup which she (to cook) in the morning.11.

When I (to ring) up Mike, he still (to learn) the poem which he (to begin) learning at school.

12. When I (to look) the window, the children (to play) with a ball which Pete (to bring) from home.

 * * *

Упражнение 4. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple, Past Continuous u Past Perfect.

Last night we (to go) to a football match. We (to take) a bus. The bus (to be) overcrowded as many people (to want) to see the match. We (to get) off the bus and (to go) in the direction of the stadium. While we (to cross) the road, I (to see) Victor. He (to stand) at the corner.

He said he (to wait) for his friend who (to come) to St. Petersburg the day before and (to wish) to see the new stadium. A man (to come) up to me and asked if I (to have) a spare ticket for the match. Victor told us that two boys just (to ask) him whether he (to have) a spare ticket.

We (to enter) the stadium just as the football players (to come) out on to the field. At the entrance to the stadium we (to meet) Sergei. He (to show) us to our seats and (to ask) me if I (to play) football in my childhood. We (to agree) to meet in the snack bar during the interval.

* * *

Упражнение 5. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple, Past Continuous u Past Perfect.1. There (to be) two men in the room. One of them (to write) something while the other (to read) a newspaper.2. He (not to tell) me that he (to receive) a telegram from her.3. She (to say) that he (to give) her the wrong address.5.

I (to ask) him where he (to put) my hat.6. He (to tell) us that they (to spend) all the money.7. I (to sit) in an armchair and (to think) of my coming trip across the North Sea when the door suddenly (to open) and an old friend of mine whom I (not to see) for a very long time (to enter) the room.8. She (to come) to see us just at the time when we (to have) dinner.

It (to be) the first time I (to see) her.9. I (to see) him when he (to leave) the hotel.10. He (to leave) the house before I (to have) time to ask him anything.11. I (to find) the old man in the garden. He (to talk) to some children who (to stand) around listening to him.12. He (to tell) me that he (to learn) it from the newspaper.13.

He (to enter) the room, (to take) something from the desk and (to go) out.

Продолжить изучение английского языка на уровне ADVANCED

Источник: http://englishinn.ru/past-tenses-uprazhneniya-na-proshedshie-vremena.html

Past Perfect Progressive vs Past Perfect Simple

Упражнения Past Simple Past Perfect

Подходит для школьного тестирования : с углубленным изучением: 3, 4, 5; а также 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 класс

Выберите наиболее подходящий вариант:

1When we came back home, the children ___ for two hours.
AHad already be sleepingBHad already sleptCHad already been sleeping
2Tina ___ home when I phoned her.
AHad just been gettingBHad just getCHad just got
3I was glad to meet Ted again. I ___ him for ages.
AHadn’t seenBHad been seeingCNot had seen
4Mom was tired yesterday. She ___ the house all day.
AHad been cleaningBHad cleanedCHad been cleaned
5The boys were breath. They ___ a marathon.
AHad been runBHad been runningCHad running
6Mark told me that he ___ a new suit.
AHad been buyingBHad been boughtCHad bought
7When I arrived, Lucy ___ in bed with temperature since lunchtime.
AHad lyingBHad been lyingCHad lied
8My mom ___ dinner when I returned home.
AHad already cookedBHad already beenCHad already cooking
9Sean explained why he ___ an essay.
AHadn’t writtenBHadn’t been writingCHadn’t been written
10There were puddles in the streets as it ___ all night.
AHad rainingBHad been rainingCHad rained
11I ___ to see Lena at the disco but she didn’t turn up.
AHad been expectingBBeen expectedCHad expected
12They ___ the same restaurant for years before they found a better one.
AHad visitedBHad been visitingCHad been visit
13Sam ___ to go to the wedding but he couldn’t take a day off work.
AHad wantBHad been wantingCHad wanted
14Jack said he ___ tickets for the concert.
AHad bookedBHad been bookedCHad been booking
15Mike said they ___ at the airport for two days because of the delay of their flight.
AHad stayingBHad been stayingCHad stayed
16Andrew said he___ to China before.
AHadn’t never beenBHad never beingCHad never been
17We ___ for half an hour when Dan finally joined us.
AHad eatenBHad been eatingCHad eating
18Mary insisted that she ___ the ring from the drawer.
ANot had been takingBHadn’t takenCHadn’t been taking
19I ___ the golf club before Martin did it.
AHad joinedBHad been joiningCHad been join
20We were very tired at the end of the trip. We ___ for ten hours.
AHad drivenBHad droveCHad been driving
21I was extremely unhappy to have lost my watch. I ___ it for a very long time.
AHad hadBHad been havingCHad been had
22I didn’t see Jim yesterday. He ___ abroad.
AHad been goingBHad goneCHad been gone
23I ___ for an hour before it got dark.
AHad walkedBHad walkingCHad been walking
24The film ___ when we came to the cinema.
AHad already been beginningBHad already begunCHad already been begun
25Claire said she ___ her sister since last month.
AHadn’t phonedBNot had phonedCHadn’t phoning

Ответы:

1C
2C
3A
4A
5B
6C
7B
8A
9A
10B
11C
12B
13C
14A
15B
16C
17B
18B
19A
20C
21A
22B
23C
24B
25A

Past Perfect Progressive vs Past Perfect Simple

Источник: https://home-task.com/past-perfect-progressive-vs-past-perfect-simple/

Past simple exercises: упражнения с ответами на отработку простого прошедшего времени

Упражнения Past Simple Past Perfect

  1. I (to work) in a bank many years ago
  2. He (to live) in Moscow five years ago
  3. I (to ) flowers before it happened
  4. Tom (to play) the piano yesterday evening
  5. I (to love) you many years ago
  6. Kristina and Mike (to study) English together last winter
  7. You (to enjoy) your last holidays
  8. The concert (to finish) at 7 o’clock
  9. He (to plan) to go to the party yesterday
  10. Ann (to die) when she was 87 years old

Посмотреть ответы.

Упражнение 2. Раскройте скобки, употребляя неправильные глаголы в Past indefinite

  1. Anna (to have) a shower this morning
  2. They (to go) at work by bus last morning
  3. Cats (to drink) milk yesterday
  4. She (to get up) early this morning
  5. You (to sleep) on a sofa last night
  6. He (to swim) in a pool last week
  7. We (to sing) a song on the party last night
  8. I (to forget) to call her yesterday
  9. She (to drive) a car last month
  10. You (to lose) keys yesterday evening

Посмотреть ответы.

Упражнение 3. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в прошедшем неопределенном времени

  1. I (to read) a newspaper this morning
  2. We (to visit) her parents last month
  3. I (to want) to read this book last year
  4. They (to watch) TV this night
  5. She (to see) him last year
  6. They (to run) this morning
  7. Marina (to stay) at home yesterday evening
  8. He (to pay) by credit card yesterday
  9. It (to happen) last summer
  10. I (to win) last night

Посмотреть ответы.

Упражнение 4. Вставьте глагол to be в простом прошедшем времени

  1. I ___ happy last night
  2. I ___ a student many years ago
  3. They ___ taxi drivers two years ago
  4. They ___ married last years
  5. My favorite color ___ red five years ago
  6. I ___ angry yesterday
  7. It ___ my car last week
  8. This car ___ dirty day before yesterday
  9. These cars ___ clear day before yesterday
  10. He ___ your friend many years ago

Посмотреть ответы.

Упражнение 5. Составьте предложения, используя Past indefinite

  1. football / play / he / yesterday
  2. Irina / nice clothes / day before yesterday / wear
  3. my / pen / to be / it
  4. have / we / breakfast / at 7 o’clock
  5. this morning / I / drink / coffee
  6. see / we / a spider / yesterday
  7. she / eat / apples / this morning
  8. London / they / in / to be / last year
  9. my sister / him / call / yesterday
  10. a doctor / to be / two years ago / my mother

Посмотреть ответы.

Упражнение 6. Переведите предложения, используя Past simple tense

  1. Я был учителем 5 лет назад
  2. Ирина играла на гитаре вчера
  3. Она жила в Париже, 2 года назад
  4. Мой отец не читал газету сегодня утром
  5. Анна соврала мне вчера
  6. Я был счастлив этой ночью
  7. Она любила эту машину
  8. Я гуляла в парке вчера
  9. Их не было здесь в прошлый понедельник
  10. На прошлой неделе была хорошая погода

Посмотреть ответы.

Упражнение 7. Составьте вопрос и отрицание к предложению

  1. I was tired
  2. Kris spoke English
  3. His sister was a model
  4. I d my phone
  5. Masha read magazine
  6. They were students
  7. This shop opened at 9 o’clock
  8. She was pretty
  9. Tom lied
  10. Marina wore skirts

Посмотреть ответы.

Упражнение 8. Составьте специальный вопрос к предложению

  1. I lived in London (Where)
  2. Kris spoke English (What language)
  3. His sister was a model (Who)
  4. I d my phone (What)
  5. Masha read magazine this morning (When)
  6. This car was black (What color)
  7. This shop opened at 9 o’clock (What time)
  8. She was pretty (who)
  9. Tom lied yesterday (When)
  10. Marina wore skirts (what)

Посмотреть ответы.

Упражнение 9. Вставьте глаголы из списка в предложения в нужной форме

play, use, get up, know, to be, to be, have, read, to be, watch

  1. They ___ dinner at 8 o’clock
  2. It ___ my car two years ago
  3. They ___ early this morning
  4. Anna ___ the piano yesterday
  5. They ___ solders last year
  6. It ___ a clear car yesterday
  7. He ___ TV last evening
  8. I ___ much about games many years ago
  9. Larisa didn’t ___ books last week
  10. She didn’t ___ laptop last month

Посмотреть ответы.

Упражнение 10. Допишите окончание глаголу используя Past simple tense

  1. Play
  2. Lie
  3. Use
  4. Watch
  5. Walk
  6. Enjoy
  7. Stop
  8. Plan
  9. Dance
  10. Try

Посмотреть ответы.

Упражнение 11. Дайте краткий положительный и отрицательный ответы на заданный вопрос

  1. Did you know Mark?
  2. Did he fast cars?
  3. Was Natali beautiful?
  4. Did they live in Moscow?
  5. Did he play football?
  6. Did Peter drink tea?
  7. Were you a manager?
  8. Were they students?
  9. Did Anna love me?
  10. Did they read books?

Посмотреть ответы.

Упражнение 12. Вставьте did или didn’t

  1. ___ he work in a shop?
  2. I ____ lie
  3. She ___ watch TV
  4. ___ you bananas?
  5. They ___ know Sara
  6. Where ___ he live?
  7. What ___ they ?
  8. Katrine ___ love Alex
  9. ___ he eat meat?
  10. She ___ wear skirts

Посмотреть ответы.

Упражнение 13. Напишите правильный глагол во второй форме

  1. Want
  2. Watch
  3. Finish
  4. Copy
  5. Love
  6. Study
  7. Die
  8. Finish
  9. Happen

Посмотреть ответы.

Упражнение 14. Напишите неправильный глагол во второй форме

  1. Go
  2. See
  3. Speak
  4. Do
  5. Teach
  6. Drink
  7. Eat
  8. Fly
  9. Fall
  10. Understand

Посмотреть ответы.

Упражнение 15. Определите в каких из предложений используется время Past simple

  1. I worked
  2. He didn’t read
  3. Do you know?
  4. What are you doing?
  5. Yes, he did
  6. Is he a student?
  7. He tried
  8. She was pretty
  9. It is my car
  10. It is raining

Посмотреть ответы.

Упражнение 1

  1. worked
  2. lived
  3. d
  4. played
  5. loved
  6. studied
  7. enjoyed
  8. finished
  9. planned
  10. died

Были ошибки? Посмотрите грамматику Past simple

Назад к упражнению.

Упражнение 2

  1. had
  2. went
  3. drank
  4. got up
  5. slept
  6. swam
  7. sang
  8. forgot
  9. drove
  10. lost

Назад к упражнению.

Упражнение 3

  1. read
  2. visited
  3. wanted
  4. watched
  5. saw
  6. ran
  7. stayed
  8. paid
  9. happened
  10. won

Назад к упражнению.

Упражнение 4

  1. was
  2. was
  3. were
  4. were
  5. was
  6. was
  7. was
  8. was
  9. were
  10. was

Было сложно? Прочти грамматику на was / were.

Назад к упражнению.

Упражнение 5

  1. He played football yesterday
  2. Irina wore nice clothes day before yesterday
  3. it was my pen
  4. We had breakfast at 7 o’clock
  5. I drank coffee this morning
  6. We saw a spider yesterday
  7. She ate apples this morning
  8. They were in London last year
  9. My sister called him yesterday
  10. My mother was a doctor two years ago

Назад к упражнению.

Упражнение 6

  1. I was a teacher five years ago
  2. Irina played the guitar yesterday
  3. She lived in Paris two years ago
  4. My father didn’t read a newspaper this morning
  5. Anna lied me yesterday
  6. I was happy this night
  7. She loved this car
  8. I walked in a park yesterday
  9. They weren’t here last Monday
  10. The weather was good last week

Назад к упражнению.

Упражнение 7

  1. I was not tired. Was I tired?
  2. Kris didn’t speak English. Did Kris speak English?
  3. His sister wasn’t a model. Was his sister a model?
  4. I didn’t my phone. Did I my phone?
  5. Masha didn’t read magazine.

    Did Masha read magazine?

  6. They weren’t students. Were they students?
  7. This shop didn’t open at 9 o’clock. Did this shop open at 9 o’clock?
  8. She wasn’t pretty. Was she pretty?
  9. Tom didn’t lie. Did Tom lie?
  10. Marina didn’t wear skirts.

    Did Marina wear skirts?

Назад к упражнению.

Упражнение 8

  1. Where did I live?
  2. What language did Kris speak?
  3. Who was a model?
  4. What did I ?
  5. When did Masha read magazine?
  6. What color was this car?
  7. What time did this shop open?
  8. Who was pretty?
  9. When did Tom lie?
  10. What did Marina wear?

Назад к упражнению.

Упражнение 9

  1. had
  2. was
  3. got up
  4. played
  5. were
  6. was
  7. watched
  8. knew
  9. read
  10. use

Назад к упражнению.

Упражнение 10

  1. Played
  2. Lied
  3. Used
  4. Watched
  5. Walked
  6. Enjoyed
  7. Stopped
  8. Planned
  9. Danced
  10. Tried

Правила написания окончаний -ed, -ied, -d

Назад к упражнению.

Упражнение 11

  1. Yes, I did. No, I didn’t
  2. Yes, he did. No, he didn’t
  3. Yes, she was. No she wasn’t
  4. Yes, they did. No, they didn’t
  5. Yes, he did.

    No, he didn’t

  6. Yes, he did. No, he didn’t
  7. Yes, I was. No, I was not
  8. Yes, they were. No, they weren’t
  9. Yes, she did. No, she didn’t
  10. Yes, they did.

    No, they didn’t

Назад к упражнению.

Упражнение 12

  1. did
  2. didn’t
  3. didn’t
  4. did
  5. didn’t
  6. did
  7. did
  8. didn’t
  9. did
  10. didn’t

Назад к упражнению.

Упражнение 13

  1. Wanted
  2. Watched
  3. Finished
  4. Copied
  5. Loved
  6. d
  7. Studied
  8. Died
  9. Finished
  10. Happened

Назад к упражнению.

Упражнение 14

  1. Went
  2. Saw
  3. Spoke
  4. Did
  5. Taught
  6. Drank
  7. Ate
  8. Flew
  9. Fell
  10. Understood

Назад к упражнению.

Упражнение 15

  1. Да
  2. Да
  3. Нет
  4. Нет
  5. Да
  6. Нет
  7. Да
  8. Да
  9. Нет
  10. Нет

Назад к упражнению.

Если тест оказался через чур сложным, то прочтите:

Еще упражнения:

Источник: https://InfoEng.ru/exercises/past-simple-exercises/

Past Simple или Past Perfect?

Упражнения Past Simple Past Perfect

Sorry we are late, we had missed/missed the bus. I did/had done my homework, cleaned/had cleaned my room and then went for a walk. The man arrived at the station but the train had already left/already left. By the time Jenny got to the party most people went/had gone home already. They travelled/had travelled to Barcelona last month.

Задание 2. Исправьте ошибки в предложениях. Правильные предложения отметьте словом “RIGHT”

It was warm in the room, so I took off my coat. The pair had bought tickets for the train and then moved in the direction of the platform. Had you stayed at a hotel during your holiday last summer? By the time I had a chance to speak, he had already turned his back to me. When the doctor entered the hospital room, he saw that the patient finished his lunch.

Задание 3. Составьте отрицательные предложения с глаголами в скобках, поставив их в правильном времени – Past Simple или Past Perfect

I… my exam last Wednesday. It was very difficult. (pass) Mila was very pleased to see Tom. She… him for 5 years. (see) I was very lucky. By the time I finally arrived at the airport, the plane… yet. (take off) She… a dress yesterday. They all were sold out. (buy) When my brother was little, he… chocolate. ()

Задание 4. Прочитайте внимательно ситуации, где одно действие предшествует другому и составьте правильные предложения с глаголами в скобках

When he… his phone his pocket, he… that the battery… . (take, realise, run down) When another idea… into my mind, I… already the e-mail. (come, send) By the time we… our main course, the dessert… already on the table. (finish, be) I didn’t have much luck. I… the exam which I… for perfectly well. (fail, prepare) When I… her, she… already the news. (call, know)

Задание 5. Переведите предложения на английский язык, используя Past Simple или Past Perfect

Мы видели это представление несколько недель назад. Я не хотел читать эту книгу, потому что я ее уже прочитал. Поезд остановился и люди вышли на платформу. Я дал свой ноутбук другу, так как его ноутбук сломался. Они узнали эту музыку, потому что они уже слышали ее раньше.

Задание 1

missed

В предложении речь идет об однократном действии в прошлом. Говорящий констатирует факт.

did, cleaned

Речь идет о действиях, совершенных в определенной последовательности в прошлом и следующих одно за другим – в таком случае они все выражаются Past Simple.

had already left

Past Perfect употребляется для обозначения действия, которое произошло до определенного момента в прошлом. Этот момент в прошлом выражается временем Past Simple – the man arrived at the station, а действие, предшествующее ему, выражается Past Perfect.

had gone

Past Perfect употребляется для обозначения действия, которое произошло до определенного момента в прошлом. Этот момент в прошлом выражается временем Past Simple – by the time Jenny got to the party, а действие, предшествующее ему, выражается Past Perfect.

travelled

Last month (в прошлом месяце) указывает на употребление Past Simple.

Задание 2

RIGHT

Ошибок в данном предложении нет. В первом случае говорящий констатирует факт, а во втором – речь идет об однократном действии в прошлом. В обоих случаях употребляется Past Simple.

The pair bought tickets for the train and then moved in the direction of the platform.

В данном предложении одно действие следует за другим, оба действия выражаются Past Simple.

Did you stay at a hotel during your holiday last summer?

Last summer (прошлым летом) указывает на употребление Past Simple.

RIGHT

Ошибок в данном предложении нет. Одно действие произошло до определенного момента в прошлом, который описан другим действием в прошлом – by the time I had a chance.

When the doctor entered the hospital room, he saw that the patient had finished his lunch.

Past Perfect употребляется для обозначения действия, которое произошло до определенного момента в прошлом. Этот момент в прошлом выражается временем Past Simple – the doctor entered the hospital room, а действие, предшествующее ему, выражается Past Perfect.

Задание 3

didn’t pass

Last Wednesday (в прошлую среду) указывает на употребление Past Simple.

hadn’t seen

Past Perfect употребляется для обозначения действия, которое произошло до определенного момента в прошлом. Этот момент в прошлом выражается временем Past Simple – Mila was very pleased to see Tom, а действие, предшествующее ему, выражается Past Perfect.

hadn’t taken off

Past Perfect употребляется для обозначения действия, которое произошло до определенного момента в прошлом. Этот момент в прошлом выражается временем Past Simple – by the time I finally arrived at the airport, а действие, предшествующее ему, выражается Past Perfect.

didn’t buy

Yesterday (вчера) указывает на употребление Past Simple.

didn’t

Описание простого действия в прошлом.

Задание 4

took, realised, had run down

The battery had run down – действие произошло до определенного момента в прошлом. Этот момент выражен двумя последовательными действиями – he took his phone, he realised – эти действия выражаются Past Simple.

came, had sent

I had sent – действие произошло до определенного момента в прошлом. Этот момент (idea came) выражается временем Past Simple.

finished, had already been

The dessert had already been – действие произошло до определенного момента в прошлом. Этот момент выражен временем Past Simple – we finished.

failed, had prepared

I had prepared – действие произошло до определенного момента в прошлом. Этот момент выражен однократным действием в Past Simple – I failed.

called, had already known

She had already known – действие произошло до определенного момента в прошлом. Этот момент выражен однократным действием в Past Simple – I called.

Задание 5

We saw this performance a few weeks ago. I didn’t want to read that book because I had already read it. The train stopped and people went on to the platform. I gave my laptop to my friend because his laptop had broken down. They recognised that music because they had already heard it before.

Источник: https://studentguide.ru/tests-and-exercises/past-simple-ili-past-perfect.html

The Past Perfect Tense. Упражнения

Упражнения Past Simple Past Perfect

  1.  Brian/to return/books to the library/before last Thursday.
  2. We/to know/the results of the test/before two o’clock yesterday.
  3.  I/to come/to the office/before lunch time.
  4.  You/ to make/the order/before we came into the cafe.

  5.  Sally/to send/the letters/before her boss returned from the bank.
  6.  The ferry/to reach/the port/by three o’clock yesterday.
  7. The performance/to finish/by eight o’clock in the evening.
  8.  They/ to build/a new hospital/before the end of April.

  9.  Мах/to have dinner/by four o’clock.
  10.  The baby/to wake up/before you left home.

Answers: 1. Brian had returned books to the library before last Thursday. 2. We had known the results of the test before two o’clock yesterday.
3.

I had come to the office before lunch time. 4. You had made the order before we came into the cafe. 5. Sally had sent the letters before her boss returned from the bank. 6.The ferry had reached the port by three o’clock yesterday. 7. The performance had finished by eight o’clock in the evening. 8.

They had built a new hospital before the end of April. 9. Max had had dinner by four o’clock. 10. The baby had woken up before you left home.

Exercise 2. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в the Past Perfect Tense

  1. He … (to watch) this TV programme before his parents came home.
  2. Sheila and Witty … (to send) the invitations for the conference before Friday.
  3.  A group of tourists … (already to visit) this cathedral before the guide told them about its history.

  4. His nephew … (to move) to a new flat by the beginning of September.
  5.  The accident … (to happen) before Henry understood anything.
  6.  It … (to stop) raining by the evening.
  7.  John and Andrew … (to get) to the hotel before night.

  8.  You … (to make) a decision before our talk.
  9.  I … (to meet) your brother before we both entered university.
  10.  We … (to make photocopies of the documents by six o’clock yesterday.

Answers: 1. had watched; 2.had sent; 3.had already visited; 4.had moved; 5.

had happened; 6. had stopped; 7. had got; 8. had made; 9. had met; 10. had made.

Exercise 3. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в the Past Perfect Tense и прочитайте историю

Fortune Teller

Many hundreds of years ago a king went to see a fortune teller to know about his future life. The fortune teller told the king, «Your wife will die this year». But the king didn’t believe what the fortune teller … (topredict). Later that year the king’s wife died.

The king remembered what the fortune teller … (to tell) him and thought that she … (to cause) the death of his wife. So he decided to put the fortune teller to death.

After the soldiers … (to bring) the fortune teller to the king, he reminded her of what she … (to predict). «If you are a real fortune teller, you must know the day of your own death», said the king. The fortune teller realized that the king … (to decide) to kill her.

So she thought very carefully and then answered, «I’ll die three days before you do, your majesty».

Answers: But the king didn’t believe what the fortune teller had predicted.

The king remembered what the fortune teller had told him and thought that she had caused the death of his wife.

After the soldiers had brought the fortune teller to the king, he reminded her of what she had predicted. The fortune teller realized that the king had decided to kill her.

Exercise 4. Сделайте предложения отрицательными

  1.  We had told him about the time of the meeting.
  2.  She had washed the vegetables for the salad.
  3. You had caught a small fish by that time.
  4.  The burglars had robbed the bank.
  5.  A zookeeper had fed the animals by twelve o’clock.
  6.  David had eaten all the sandwiches by two o’clock.

  7.  They had been to this town before.
  8.  I had done all the arrangements by Saturday.
  9.  Alice had shown me her paintings before.
  10.  You had forgotten about her request.

Answers: 1. We hadn’t told him about the time of the meeting. 2. She hadn’t washed the vegetables for the salad. 3.

You hadn’t caught a small fish by that time. 4. The burglars hadn’t robbed the bank. 5.A zookeeper hadn’t fed the animals by twelve o’clock. 6. David hadn’t eaten all the sandwiches by two o’clock. 7. They hadn’t been to this town before. 8. I hadn’t done all the arrangements by Saturday. 9. Alice hadn’t shown me her paintings before. 10.

You hadn’t forgotten about her request.

Exercise 5. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму  и прочитайте шутку

A man went prison after twenty years. He decided to go back to the place he … (to live) before. When he got there he didn’t recognize the place. Everything … (to change). The places he … (to visit) disappeared.

The man was very hungry and remembered about a small cafe where he … (to have dinner) before, but there wasn’t a cafe any more. Instead of it there was a big restaurant. The man came into this restaurant and ordered a cup of coffee and a sandwich. When he took out his wallet to pay the bill, he found a shoemaker ticket in it.

«I … (to take) a pair of shoes to the shoemaker before I went to prison, but I… (not to receive) them back», the man thought. So the man went to the shoemaker’s.

To his surprise the shoemaker was still at the same place! The man showed the shoemaker the ticket and explained that he … (to leave) him a pair of shoes twenty years before. The shoemaker took the ticket and said, «ОК. Come back tomorrow. Your shoes will be ready then».

Answers: He decided to go back to the place he had lived before. Everything had changed. The places he had visited disappeared.

The man was very hungry and remembered about a small cafe where he had had dinner before, but there wasn’t a cafe any more. «I had taken a pair of shoes to the shoemaker before I went to prison, but I hadn’t received them back», the man thought.

The man showed the shoemaker the ticket and explained that he had left him a pair of shoes twenty years before.

Exercise 6. Сделайте предложения  вопросительными

  1. Mary had booked the tickets before.
  2.  We had been to this exhibition.
  3.  You had received the invitation before Wednesday.
  4.  The bus had arrived before 5 o’clock.
  5.  Tom had heard that story before.
  6. They had gone to the railway station before 6 o’clock.

  7. My father had returned from his business trip by the weekend.
  8. We had met Eric before the lesson.
  9.  The taxi had come by 7 o’clock.
  10. They had used this key before.

Answers: 1. Had Mary booked the tickets before? 2.Had we been to this exhibition? 3.

Had you received the invitation before Wednesday?
4.Had the bus arrived before 5 o’clock? 5. Had Tom heard that story before? 6. Had they gone to the railway station before 6 o’clock? 7. Had my father returned from his business trip by the weekend? 8. Had we met Eric before the lesson? 9.

Had the taxi come by 7 o’clock? 10. Had they used this key before?

Exercise 7. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму

  1.  We … (already to give) our projects to the teacher.
  2.  Sandra … (to do) the shopping before the New Year Eve.
  3.  You … (not to phone) me by the end of the week.
  4. I… (not to try) such a delicious cake before.
  5.  … your sister … {to reserve) the hotel room beforehand? — Yes, she … .

  6.  … Mr Smith … (to discuss) that problem with his lawyer? — No, he … .
  7.  Clara … (never to be) to the Pyramids before.
  8.  … you … (to take) part in this festival before? — No, I … .
  9.  Mark … (to finish) his work by 6 o’clock yesterday.

  10.  … Nigel… (to find) any information in the Internet by last Tuesday? — Yes, he … .

Answers: 1.We had already given our projects to the teacher. 2.Sandra had done the shopping before the New Year Eve. 3. You hadn’t phoned me by the end of the week. 4. I hadn’t tried such a delicious cake before. 5. Had your sister reserved the hotel room beforehand? — Yes, she had. 6.

Had Mr Smith discussed that problem with his lawyer? — No, he hadn’t. 7. Clara had never been to the Pyramids before. 8. Had you taken part in this festival before? — No, I hadn’t. 9.Mark had finished his work by 6 o’clock yesterday. 10.

Had Nigel found any information in the Internet by last Tuesday? — Yes, he had.

Exercise 8. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму  и прочитайте шутку

One day a man stopped at a Detroit hotel. He … (just to cash) a check, but he didn’t want to carry too much money with him. So he asked the desk clerk to put a hundred-dollar bill in the safe for him. The next morning the clerk said that he … (not to take) any money from the man.

The man had nothing to do but to go to the nearest lawyer. The lawyer advised the man to return to the hotel with him and to give another hundred-dollar bill to the clerk. That was what they did. An hour later the man went back and claimed his money.

As the man had a lawyer as an eyewitness to the second hundred-dollar bill, the clerk couldn’t say he … (not to take) it. Another hour later the man and the lawyer came up to the clerk and asked for a hundred-dollar bill. This time the clerk said he … (already to give) the bill to the man.

But the lawyer insisted that he … (to see) the man giving the money to the clerk, but he … (not to see) the clerk returning the money. The lawyer promised to call the police if the clerk … (to forget) about the bill. The clerk realized that he could do nothing but return the money.

«I don’t know how to thank you for getting my money back», said the man happily. «Oh, don’t thank me», answered the lawyer. «My help will cost you one hundred dollars».

Answers: He had just cashed a check, but he didn’t want to carry too much money with him. The next morning the clerk said that he hadn’t taken any money from the man.

As the man had a lawyer as an eyewitness to the second hundred-dollar bill, the clerk couldn’t say he hadn’t taken it. This time the clerk said he had already given the bill to the man.

But the lawyer insisted that he had seen the man giving the money to the clerk, but he hadn’t seen the clerk returning the money. The lawyer promised to call the police if the clerk had forgotten about the bill.

Состовляя специальные вопросы в прошедшем совершенном времени, слова располагают в  такому порядке: вопросительное  слово (Wh-word), вспомогательный глагол had, подлежащее, глагол-сказуемое (с окончанием -ed или в третьей форме).
Wh-word + had + l/you/he/she/it/we/they + V3 (Ved)

Например:What had they read by last Monday?

What places had she visited?

Источник: https://engfairy.com/the-past-perfect-tense-uprazhneniya/

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