Упражнения Present Perfect и Past Simple

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Present Perfect и Past Simple: сравнение времен

Упражнения Present Perfect и Past Simple

Продолжаем сравнивать «похожие» времена при помощи примеров из сериалов и кино. На этот раз возьмем довольно сложную пару: Present Perfect и Past Simple. А в качестве поставщика примеров выступят легендарные «Друзья».

I’ll Be There For You: разница между past simple и present perfect

Сложность с этими временами для нас заключается в том, что зачастую оба времени переводятся на русский язык одинаково. Например:

I’ve already seen that film – Я уже видел этот фильм.
I saw him yesterday – Я видел его вчера.

Ну почему тогда разное время?! Какая разница между Past Simple и Present Perfect?! Есть несколько способов навсегда уяснить ее.

1. Понять логику. Предлагаю двух помощников. Первый: статья «Как выразить русские мысли в системе английских времен». В качестве второго помощника очень советую посмотреть ролик, где наглядно объясняется логика использования Present Perfect в сравнении с Past Simple.

Можно начинать просмотр с 3:59. Лично мне понравилась аналогия с занавесом и примеры из русского языка: глаголы ездили и уехали.

2. Практика! В свое время, когда я мучалась с этими временами, старшие товарищи сказали: начнешь употреблять Present Perfect, и понимание само придет в голову – ты будешь «чувствовать» это время. Так что держи упражнения на Present Perfect и Past Simple (бесплатные тренировки, доступны после регистрации на Lingualeo).

3. Запомнить случаи использования обоих времен. Тебе поможет эта статья. Дело в том, что, несмотря на все сложности, у Present Perfect есть перечень случаев обязательного использования, который вполне запоминается. Используй в этом ряде случаев Present Perfect, а в остальных – Past Simple, и тебя все поймут.

Теперь давай найдем примеры на основные случаи использования обоих времен.

We Were On a Break! Первое отличие Present Perfect от Past Simple

Past Simple используется для выражения законченного прошедшего действия, когда указано конкретное время, например: yesterday, last week, on Sunday, an hour ago, long ago, the other day, in 1990.

1 сезон 7 серия. Чендлер застрял в вестибюле банкомата с моделью Джилл Гудакр. В телефонном разговоре Джилл говорит своей маме, что застряла с «каким-то парнем», и Чендлер начинает фантазировать и говорить «про себя»:

Chandler: Oh! Some guy. Some guy. ‘Hey Jill, I saw you with some guy last night. (О, какой-то парень. Какой-то парень. ‘Эй, Джилл, я видел(а) тебя с каким-то парнем прошлым вечером’).

Чендлер представляет, как Джилл говорят, что видели ее с каким-то парнем прошлым вечером. Названо точное время – использовано время Past Simple.

Теперь найдем этот же глагол, но в Present Perfect. Перемахнем в 10-й сезон, 7-ю серию и вновь возьмем реплику Чендлера. В их с Моникой квартире раздается звонок, Чендлер берет трубку и затем спрашивает у Моники, не видела ли она биту Джо:

Chandler: Have you seen Joey’s bat? (Ты не видела биту Джо?)

На этот раз не указано времени, да оно и не важно – главное результат: видела ли Моника биту, а следовательно, знает ли она, где находится искомый предмет.

РЕЗЮМИРУЕМ:

 Past Simple Present Perfect
 Для выражения законченного прошедшего действия, если время указано. Для выражения законченного действия, если время не указано, оно размыто. Время не важно – важен результат.

How you doin’? Второе различие Past Simple и Present Perfect

Мы сказали, что если указано время, то мы используем Past Simple. НО! Обрати внимание: это должен быть законченный период времени.

Давай посмотрим на примерах. 1 сезон 4 серия. Рэйчел, Моника и Фиби вспоминают о своих прошлых проступках. Моника припоминает Рэйчел 7-й класс:

Monica: Well, at least ‘big girls’ don’t pee in their pants in seventh grade! (Ну, по крайней мере ‘большие девочки’ не писаются в штаны в 7-мом классе!)
Rachel: I was laughing! You made me laugh! (Я смеялась! Ты меня рассмешила!)

Девушки говорят о давно прошедшем периоде жизни: 7-й класс. Использован Past Simple.

Present Perfect же используется, если время еще не закончилось: this week / month/ year, two months / years, since Monday / 2000 / 5 a.m. Также со словами вроде: ever, never, in my life, имея в виду, что жизнь – это тоже отрезок времени, который не закончился.

Источник: https://corp.lingualeo.com/ru/2017/08/11/present-perfect-i-past-simple/

Present Perfect vs Past Simple

Упражнения Present Perfect и Past Simple

Подходит для школьного тестирования : 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 класс

Выберите наиболее подходящий вариант:

1I ___ my best friend for ten years.
AHave knownBKnewCHas known
2Somebody ___ our car last Sunday.
AStoleBHas stolenCHave stolen
3I don’t want to go to the cinema. I ___ this film.
AHas already seenBHave already seenCAlready saw
4Is Mary at home? No, she ___.
AHas just leftBHave just leftCJust left
5My brother ___ a lot when he was young.
AHas swumBHave swumCSwam
6Michael ___ to play the piano last year.
AHas learntBHave learntCLearned
7Do you want something to drink? No, thanks. I ___ a cup of tea.
AJust hadBHave just hadCHas just had
8My parents ___ to Germany in 2005.
AWentBHas goneCHave gone
9Sally ___ her relatives for a very long time.
AHaven’t seenBDidn’t seeCHasn’t seen
10I ___ this college since September.
AHave attendedBHas attendedCAttended
11My sister ___ her ankle yesterday evening.
ATwistedBHave twistedCHas twisted
12Chris ___ a truck before.
ANever droveBHas never drivenCHasn’t never driven
13Columbus ___ America in the 15th century.
AHas discoveredBHave discoveredCDiscovered
14___ diving?
AWhen did you last wentBWhen did you last goCWhen have you last gone
15I ___ a letter. Can you post it?
AHas just writtenBHave just writtenCJust wrote
16___ a cherry pie?
AHas your mom ever bakedBDid your mom ever bakeCHave your mom ever baked
17Mark ___ the car race last year.
AHasn’t wonBHaven’t wonCDidn’t win
18How is Lucy? Fine, we ___ her on our way home.
AHas just metBHave just metCJust met
19Sandra ___ her bike yesterday.
AFell offBHave fallen offCHas fallen off
20___ their wedding last weekend?
ADid they celebrateBHave they celebratedCHas they celebrated
21She ___ much progress in her career so far.
AHaven’t madeBDidn’t makeCHasn’t made
22My uncle ___ anything last month.
AHasn’t earnedBDidn’t earnCHaven’t earned
23Listen to me! I ___ with the solution.
AHave just come upBHave just came upCJust came up
24Andy ___ to Japan twice.
AWasBHas beenCHave been
25He ___ a good education in London three years ago.
AHave receivedBHas receivedCReceived

Ответы:

1A
2A
3B
4A
5C
6C
7B
8A
9C
10A
11A
12B
13C
14B
15B
16A
17C
18B
19A
20A
21C
22B
23A
24B
25C

Present Perfect vs Past Simple

Источник: https://home-task.com/present-perfect-vs-past-simple/

Past Simple или Present Perfect? | Упражнение по английскому с ответами

Упражнения Present Perfect и Past Simple

  1. Michael went/has gone to Washington last week to visit his parents.
  2. My sister has got/got married in Moscow in 2007.
  3. Beethoven was/has been a great composer.
  4. It hasn't rained/didn't rain this week.
  5. Have/Did you seen/see Ann recently?
  1. Tom has lost his key yesterday.
  2. It snowed a lot last winter.

  3. I called him 3 times already.
  4. We have met with our friends last weekend.
  5. I have known him most of my life.
  6. I work in a travel agency. Before that I worked in a shop.
  7. The plane has landed 20 minutes ago.
  8. It is my first car. I never drove a car before.

Пример: When did you go to the theatre? (last Saturday) – I went to the theatre last Saturday.

  1. How many times have you been to China? (never)
  2. How long have they known each other? (since childhood)
  3. When did Jane leave school? (in 2000)
  4. Where did you go yesterday? (to the park)
  5. Who has he just talked to? (his mother)

Задание 4. Внимательно прочитайте предложения и вставьте глагол в правильном времени – Past Simple или Present Perfect

  1. lose a) I … my key last Monday.

    b) I … my key, I can't open the door.

  2. live a) They … together for 3 years.

    b) My cousin … in the countryside when he was little.

  3. go a) … you … to the party?

    b) … she … to the party already?

  4. graduate a) My eldest son … from University in 2010.

    b) I just … from my University.

  5. hear a) When … you … from them last time?

    b) … you … anything from him recently?

Задание 5. Закончите вопросы, выбрав Have you ever…? или Did you ever…?

  1. … (meet) my best friend?
  2. … (try) our traditional food?
  3. … (have) a pet when you were young?
  4. … (have) any problems with your car?
  5. … (speak) to Michael when you worked in the same company?

Задание 1

  1. went

    Last week (на прошлой неделе) указывает на употребление Past Simple.

  2. got

    In 2007 (в 2007 году) указывает на употребление Past Simple.

  3. was

    В данном предложении употребляется Past Simple, потому что нет никакой связи с настоящим – описывается то, что было в прошлом.

  4. hasn't rained

    This week (на этой неделе) указывает на употребление Present Perfect, действие имеет отношение к настоящему, неделя еще не закончилась.

  5. Have you seen

    Говорящего интересует видели ли Энн, в данном случае прослеживается связь с настоящим.

Задание 2

  1. Tom lost his key yesterday.

    Yesterday (вчера) указывает на употребление Past Simple.

  2. RIGHT  

    В данном предложении ошибок нет. Last winter (прошлой зимой) указывает на употребление Past Simple.

  3. I have called him 3 times already.

    Наречие already (уже) указывает на употребление Present Perfect.

  4. We met with our friends last weekend.

    Last weekend (в прошлые выходные) указывает на употребление Past Simple.

  5. RIGHT

    В данном предложении ошибок нет. Ситуация, описываемая в предложении, началась в прошлом и имеет связь с настоящим.

  6. RIGHT

    В данном предложении употребляется Past Simple, так как действие происходило в прошлом и не имеет никакой связи с настоящим.

  7. The plane landed 20 minutes ago.

    20 minutes ago (20 минут назад) указывает на употребление Past Simple.

  8. It is my first car. I have never driven a car before.

    Ситуация, описываемая в предложении, началась в прошлом, но имеет связь с настоящим.

Задание 3

  1. I have never been to China.
  2. They have known each other since childhood.
  3. Jane left school in 2000.
  4. Yesterday I went to the park.
  5. He has just talked to his mother.

Задание 4

  1. a) lost

    Last Monday (в прошлый понедельник) указывает на употребление Past Simple.

    b) have lost

    Действие произошло в прошлом, но имеет связь с настоящим – говорящий не может открыть дверь сейчас.

  2. a) have lived

    For 3 years (в течение 3 лет) – действие началось в прошлом и до сих пор продолжается в настоящем.

    b) lived

    Действие произошло в прошлом и не имеет никакой связи с настоящим, поэтому используется Past Simple.

  3. a) Did you go

    Вопрос о простом одномоментном действии в прошлом.

    b) Has she gone

    Already (уже) указывает на употребление Present Perfect.

  4. a) graduated

    In 2010 (в 2010 году) указывает на употребление Past Simple.

    b) have just graduated

    Just (только что) указывает на то, что действие, начавшееся в прошлом, имеет связь с настоящим.

  5. a) did you hear

    Last time (последний раз) указывает на употребление Past Simple.

    b) Have you heard

    В данном предложении речь идет о ситуации, начавшейся в прошлом и имеющей связь с настоящим.

Задание 5

  1. Have you ever met

    В предложении прослеживается связь с настоящим.

  2. Have you ever tried

    В предложении прослеживается связь с настоящим.

  3. Did you ever have

    В предложении идет речь о ситуации, которая произошла в прошлом и не имеет никакой связи с настоящим.

  4. Have you ever had

    В предложении прослеживается связь с настоящим.

  5. Did you ever speak

    В предложении речь идет о ситуации, которая произошла в прошлом и не имеет никакой связи с настоящим.

Источник: http://www.interactive-english.ru/uprazhneniya/560-past-simple-present-perfect-exercise/

Past Simple и Present Perfect: упражнения с ответами

Упражнения Present Perfect и Past Simple

Сегодня будем решать задачки, касающиеся употребления Present Perfect и Past Simple. Рекомендую сразу вспомнить случаи употребления Present Perfect и правила Past Simple. Основные отличительные моменты привожу в следующей табличке:

Имейте ввиду: выполняя упражнения и решая, какое время использовать — Present Perfect или Past Simple, Вы должны обращать внимания на все вышеуказанные обстоятельства, ибо одного из них может быть недостаточно для верного определения времени. Надеюсь, вам понятны различия между Past Simple и Present Perfect.

Итак, собственно, упражнения.

Past Simple or Present Perfect. Exercises

Упражнение 1. Complete the pairs of sentences. Use the Present Perfect in one sentence and the Past Simple in the other.

  1. I (know)  _______ her for six years.

I (know) _______  him when I was at school.

  1. He (live) _______  in Paris from 1997 to 2000.

He (live) _______  in New York since 2001.

  1. Where's Pete? I (not see) _______  him for ages.

I (not see) _______  Pete last night.

  1. We (be) _______  at primary school from 1993 to 1998.

We (be) _______ in this class since September.

  1. I (not watch) _______  this video yet.

I (not watch) _______ a video at the weekend.

Упражнение 2. Put the verbs in brackets in the Past Simple or in the Present Perfect.

1.  I ________ (never/ be) to the USA. I ______ (want) to go there last summer but I couldn’t.

2.  He _______ (live) in this street all his life.

3.  His father ________ (come back) to London last Sunday.

4.  Yan __________ (write) a letter to Nick two days ago.

5.  He ________ (send) his letter yesterday.

6.  They  ________  (just/ buy) some postcards.

Упражнение 3. Fill in last night, ever, ago, just, yet, always in the right place.

1.  Nick’s uncle went to Russia 3 years.

2.  Mr. Rambler has come back from Belarus.

3.  Nick has wanted to visit Belarus.

4.  Mr. Rambler saw Yan.

5.  They haven’t visited this old castle.

6. Have you been to England?

Упражнение 4. Choose the correct option.

  1. She has /‘s had a moped since she was 15.
  2. We took /‘ve taken a taxi to town that morning.
  3. We played /'ve played volleyball last night
  4. I'm really hungry. I didn’t eat / haven’t eaten since last night.
  5. They visited/ ‘ve visited Colorado last summer.

Упражнение 5. Put the verbs in brackets in the Past Simple or in the Present Perfect.

1. Maria (get) ______ some bad news last week. She (be) ______ sad since she (get) ______  the bad news.

2. I  (start) ______  school when I was five years old. I (be) ______  at school since I (be) ______  five years old.

3. I  (change) ______ my job three times this year.

4. I  (change) ______  my job three times last year.

5.  The weather was hot and dry for many weeks. But two days ago it (rain) ______.

6.  Tom (break) ______  his leg five days ago. He’s in hospital. He (be) ______  in hospital since he (break) ______  his leg.

7.  Are you going to finish your work before you go to bed? — I (finish) ______  it (already). I (finish) ______  my work two hours ago.

Упражнение 6.  Put the verbs in brackets in the Past Simple or in the Present Perfect.

1. I (have, just) ______   a nice pot of coffee. Would you a cup?

2. I (see, not) ______   Steve this morning yet.

3.  Carol and I are old friends. I (know) ______   her since I (be) ______   a freshman in high school.

4.  Maria (have) ______   a lot of problems since she (come) ______   to this country.

5. I  (go) ______  to Paris in 2003 and 2006.

6.  A car came round the corner and I (jump) ______    the way.

7.  Don’t throw the paper away because I (not to read) ______   it yet.

8.  Is Jim going to eat lunch with us today? — No. He (eat) ______   (already).He (eat) ______   lunch an hour ago.

9.  Since we (start) ______   doing this exercise, we (complete) ______  some sentences.

10. I (be) ______   never to Italy.

Упражнение 7. Put the verbs in brackets in the Past Simple or in the Present Perfect.

1.  You (ever work) ______ in a shop?

2. I (work) ______ at my uncle’s shop when I was younger.

3.  It’s the first time I (be) ______ on a ship.

4.  Ann is looking for her key. She can’t find it. She (lose) ______ her key.

5.  How many symphonies Beethoven (compose) ______?

6.  Look! Somebody (spill) ______ ink on the notebook.

7.  You (have) ______ a holiday this year yet?

8.  You (see) ______ any good films recently?

9. He (have, not) ______ any problems since he (come ) ______ here.

Упражнение 8. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Present Perfect

1. I  (cut) ______ some flowers from my garden yesterday. I (cut) ______  lots of flowers from my garden so far this summer.

2. I  (not / see) ______  Tom lately.

3. The artist (draw) ______  a picture of sunset yesterday. She (draw) ______ many pictures of sunsets in her lifetime.

4. I  (feed) ______ birds at the park yesterday. I (feed) ______  birds at the park every day since I (lose) ______  my job.

5. Ann (wake up) ______  late and (miss) _______ her breakfast on Monday.

6. I (forget) ______  to turn off the stove after dinner. I (forget) ______  to turn off the stove a lot of times in my lifetime.

7.  The children (hide) ______ in the basement yesterday. They (hide) ______  in the basement often since they (discover) ______  a secret place there.

8.  The baseball player (hit) ______ the ball the stadium yesterday. He (hit) ______ a lot of homeruns since he (join) ______  our team.

9.  We first (meet) ______ in 2001. So we (know) _______  each other for 8 years.

Упражнение 9. Put the verbs in brackets in the Past Simple or in the Present Perfect.

1. She (change) ______  a lot since she left school.

2. I  (see) ______ this film and I don’t want to see it again.

3.  Jazz (originate) ______  in the United States around 1900.

4.  Tom Hanks  (win) ______  an Oscar several times already.

5.  Long ago, they (build) ______  most houses wood.

6.  Scientists still (not/find) ______  a cure for cancer.

7.  Sean (eat, never) ______  Chinese food before.

8.  In my first job, I (be) ______  responsible for marketing.

9.  The last job I (apply) ______ for required applicants to speak some Japanese.

10.  The first modern Olympics  (take) ______  place in Athens more than a hundred years ago.

11. I am writing in connection with the advertisement which (appear) ______  in December.

Упражнение 10. Complete the sentences. Use the Present Perfect or the Past Simple.

My family and I (move) from London to Cardiff last summer, so we (live) in Cardiff for seven months now. I miss my friends in London. My best friend is called Megan. We (meet) at primary school, so I (know) her for nine years. Unfortunately, I (not see) her since last summer.

I go to Greystone Secondary School in Cardiff. I (be) at the school since last September. At first I (not ) it because I (not have) any friends here. But the students in my class are really nice and I'm happy here now.

Упражнение 11. Correct the mistakes in these sentences.

  1. We lived here since 1997.
  2. I've been ill since two days.
  3. How long do you know him?
  4. Susie has seen a good film last night.
  5. We've finished our homework just.
  6. I've already wrote three letters.

Упражнение 12. Complete the sentences. Use the Present Perfect or the Past Simple.

Helen:  That's a nice tennis racket. Is it new?

Andy: No, (I/have) ________ it for about a year, but ( I/not play) _______ with it very much. ( I/buy) ________ it in Florida.

Helen: When ( you/go) ________ to America?

Andy: ( I/go)  ________ there with my family in the spring.

Helen: What was it ?

Andy: Great! (I/stay) ___________ with my penfriend.

Helen: Is your penfriend American?

Andy: Yes. ( I/have) ________ an American penfriend for two years. (he/come) __________   to England last summer.

Helen: (I/not meet)  _______ him.

Andу: No, (you/be) ______ on holiday in Turkey.

Упражнение 13. Choose the correct form of the verb.

  1. We went/ ‘ve been to the seaside last summer.
  2. I finished / ‘ve finished my homework. Can I go out now?
  3. I was /‘ve been ill three months ago.
  4. Have you been / Did you to the shop? I need some stamps.
  5. My hobby is fishing. I’ve caught / caught a lot of fish.
  6. Jenny is in Oxford today, but she was /has been in London yesterday.
  7. I played /'ve played basketball when I was younger, but l don’t play now.
  8. I’ve already seen / already saw 'Shrek'.
  9. Julie has been / was ill since Tuesday.
  10. I didn't see / haven't seen Josh since 1998.
  11. We've stayed / stayed at our grandparents for three days. We arrived home yesterday.
  12. The dog went / has gone to sleep an hour ago.
  13. I had / ‘ve had a cat for two years. Its  name is Willis.
  14. I’ve waited / waited for a bus for twenty minutes. Then I decided to walk.

 Ответы:

Exercise 1.

1 have known / knew, 2 lived / has lived, 3 haven’t seen / didn’t see, 4 were / have been, 5 haven’t watched / didn’t watch

Exercise 2.

1 have never been / wanted, 2 has lived, 3 came back, 4 wrote, 5 sent, 6 have just bought

Exercise 3.

1. Nick’s uncle went to Russia 3 years ago.

2.  Mr. Rambler has just come back from Belarus.

3.  Nick has always wanted to visit Belarus.

4.  Mr. Rambler saw Yan last night.

5.  They haven’t visited this old castle yet.

6. Have you ever been to England.

Exercise 4.

1 ‘s had, 2 took, 3 played, 4 haven’t eaten, visited

Exercise 5.

1 got / has been / got, 2 started, have been / was, 3 have changed, 4 changed, 5 rained, 6 broke / has been / broke, 7 have already finished / finished

Exercise 6.

1 have just had, 2 haven’t seen, 3 have known /was, 4 has had / came, 5 went, 6 jumped, 7 haven’t read, 8  has already eaten / ate, 9 started /have completed, 10 have never been

Exercise 7.

1 have you ever worked, 2 worked, 3 have been, 4 has lost, 5 did Beethoven compose, 6 has spilt, 7 have you had, 8 have you seen, 9 hasn’t had / came

Exercise 8

1 cut / have cut, 2 haven’t seen, 3 drew / has drawn, 4 fed / have fed /lost, 5 woke up / missed, 6 forgot / have forgotten, 7 hid / have hidden / discovered, 8 hit / has hit / joined, 9 met / have known

Exercise 9.

1 has changed, 2 have seen, 3 originated, 4 has won, 5 built, 6 haven't found, 7 has never eaten, 8 was, 9 applied, 10 took, 11 appeared

Exercise 10.

Moved, have lived, met, have known, haven’t seen, have been, didn’t , didn’t have.

Exercise 11.

1 lived -> have lived, 2 since -> for, 3 do you know -> have you known, 4 has seen -> saw, 5 We've finished our homework just. -> We've just finished our homework, 6 wrote -> written

Возможны и другие варианты ответов.

Exercise 12.

Have had, haven’t played, bought, did you go, went, stayed, have had, came, didn’t meet, were

Exercise 13.

1 went, 2 ‘ve finished, 3 was, 4 Have you been, 5 I’ve caught, 6 was, 7 played, 8 I’ve already seen, 9 has been, 10 haven’t seen, 11 stayed, 12 went, 13 ‘ve had, 14 waited

Возможно, Вам также нужны:

  • Упражнения на Past Simple.
  • Упражнения на Present Perfect.

Сохраните на будущее и поделитесь с друзьями!

Источник: http://grammar-tei.com/past-simple-i-present-perfect-uprazhneniya-s-otvetami/

The Present Perfect Tense. Упражнения

Упражнения Present Perfect и Past Simple

To arrive, to give, to play, to understand, to blow, to prepare, to wash, to fall, to miss, to run, to know, to talk, to open, to do, to water, to teach, to iron, to brush, to pay, to say, to remember, to show, to speak, to gather.

Answers: Given, understood, blown, fallen, run, known, done, taught, paid, said, shown, spoken.

Exercise 2. Выберите правильный вариант

  1. I have/has watched this film.
  2. We have began/begun the work.
  3.  Den have/has done his homework.
  4.  Molly has break/ broken her toy.
  5.  Julia and Betty have/has cut the vegetables.
  6.  He/we have paid for pizza.

  7.  You have/has ironed this dress.
  8.  Children have has/had supper.
  9. I/she have switched off the light.
  10.  Martin has went/gone.
  11.  The girl has drew/drawn a nice picture.
  12. You/he has returned from the trip.

  13.  They have/has gathered the harvest.
  14. She/they has packed the things.
  15. We have chose/chosen the present.
  16.  The train have/has arrived.

Answers: 1. have; 2. begun; 3. has; 4. broken; 5. have; 6. we; 7. have; 8. had; 9. I; 10. gone; 11. drawn; 12.

he; 13. have; 14. She; 15. chosen; 16. has.

Exercise 3. Составьте предложения, используя Present Perfect

  1. We/to return/from the journey/just.
  2. I/to see/my boss/today.
  3.  Helen/to decorate/her room/already.
  4. My cousins/to be/to this cinema/never.
  5.  Max/to buy/а magazine/today.
  6.  You/to spend/а lot of money/this month.

  7.  Ian and Peter/to repair/the radio/already.
  8.  I/to drive/а car/never.
  9.  We/to get/some letters/this week.
  10.  The dog/to run away/just.

Answers: 1. We have just returned from the journey. 2. I have seen my boss today. 3.

Helen has already decorated her room. 4. My cousins have never been to this cinema. 5. Max has bought a magazine today. 6. You have spent a lot of money this month. 7. Ian and Peter have already repaired the radio. 8. I have never driven a car. 9. We have got some letters this week.

10. The dog has just run away.

Exercise 4. В следующих предложениях измените время гла­гола на Present Perfect. Переведите предложения на русский язык

  1. The pupils are writing a dictation.
  2.  My friend is helping me to solve a difficult problem.
  3. I am learning a poem.
  4.  She is telling them an interest­ing story.
  5.  Kate is sweeping the floor.
  6. The wait­er is putting a bottle of lemonade in front of him.
  7. I am eating my breakfast.

  8. We are drinking water.
  9.  He is bringing them some meat and vege­tables.
  10.  You are putting the dishes on the table.
  11. They are having tea.
  12. She is taking the dirty plates from the table.
  13. The children are putting on their coats.
  14. Susan is making a new dress for her birthday party.

  15. She is opening a box of chocolates.
  16. I am buying milk for milk shakes.
  17. James is ordering a bottle of apple juice.
  18.  We are looking for more CDs with good music.
  19. Are you recording your favourite film on his video recorder?
  20. I am translating a difficult article from German into Russian.

Answers: 1. have written. 2. has helped. 3. have learnt. 4. has told. 5. has swept. 6. has put. 7. have eaten. 8. have drunk. 9. has brought. 10. have put. 11. have had. 12. has taken. 13. have put on. 14. has made. 15. has opened. 16. have bought. 17. has ordered. 18. have looked. 19. have you recorded. 20.

have translated.

Перевод: 1. Ученики написали диктант. 2. Мой друг помог мне решить трудную задачу. 3. Я выучил стихотворение. 4. Она рассказала им интересную историю. 5. Катя подмела пол. 6. Официант поставил перед ним бутылку лимонада. 7. Я позавтракал. 8. Мы выпили воды. 9. Он принес им мясо с овощами. 10. Ты поставил посуду на стол. 11. Они выпили чаю. 12. Она убрала со стола грязные тарелки.

13. Дети надели пальто. 14. Сюзанна сшила себе платье на день рождения. 15. Она открыла коробку шоколадных конфет. 16. Я купила молоко для молочного коктейля. 17. Джеймс заказал бутылочку яблочного сока. 18. Мы поискали побольше компакт-дисков с хорошей музыкой. 19. Ты записал свой любимый фильм на его видеомагнитофоне? 20. Я перевел трудную статью с немецкого языка на русский.

Exercise 5. Сделайте из данных предложений отрицательные

  1. She has found a wallet on the road.
  2. We have tidied our country house.
  3.  The weather has changed.
  4. Liz has left you a note.
  5. They have moved to another hotel.
  6.  I have caught a big fish.

  7.  Pupils have learned this poem.
  8.  Mike has booked the tickets for us.
  9.  The plane has landed.
  10.  The doctor has prescribed some medicine.

Answers: 1. She hasn’t found a wallet on the road. 2.

We haven’t tidied our cottage house. 3.The weather hasn’t changed. 4. Liz hasn’t left you a note. 5.They haven’t moved to another hotel. 6. I haven’t caught a big fish. 7. Pupils haven’t learned this poem. 8. Mike hasn’t booked the tickets for us. 9.

The plane hasn’t landed. 10. The doctor hasn’t prescribed some medicine.

Exercise 6. Сделайте из данных предложений вопросительные

  1. We have been to the theatre.
  2.  I have painted the walls in my bedroom.
  3.  Richard has turned on the radio.
  4.  They have explained this rule to me.
  5. Amy and Ron have gone to play tennis.
  6. Molly has made a cup of tea.

  7.  His parents have gone to the market.
  8. Nelly has typed three letters.
  9.  The parrot has flown away.
  10.  The students have prepared for the exams.

Answers: 1.Have we been to the theatre? 2.

I have painted the walls in my bedroom. 3. Has Richard turned on the radio? 4. Have they explained this rule to me? 5. Have Amy and Ron gone to play tennis? 6. Has Molly made a cup of tea? 7. Have his parents gone to the market? 8. Has Nelly typed three letters? 9.

Has the parrot flown away? 10. Have the students prepared for the exams?

Exercise 7. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющейся форме, так чтобы получить Present Con­tinuous или Present Perfect

  1. What’s the matter? Why he (to stop)?
  2.  My cousin (to look) for a job, but he (not to find) a job yet.
  3.  It (to be) impossible for her to feel at home here.
  4. What you (to study) now?
  5.  They just (to give) you a pay rise.
  6.  Sophie is busy. She (to knit) a sweater for her grandson.

  7.  You only (to have) a piece of cake? You (not to eat) much.
  8.  People (to plant) carrots and tomatoes now.
  9. You (to go) to plant tomatoes this year?
  10.  Johnny, who finally (to find) a new job, (to give) a big party.

  11.  How long you (to be) sick?
  12.  You (to see) any good mov­ies recently?
  13.  What you (to look) forward to?
  14.  Nancy (to look) forward to this weekend.
  15.  She (to go) to read Shakespeare and she (not to go) to think about work.

  16. Mike (to leave) for work yet?
  17. They (to pay) their electric bill this month?
  18. How long you (to know) each other?
  19. Your car (to make) strange noises. Is anything wrong?
  20. The boy (to do) his homework and (to take) a karate lesson now.

  21.  I (to have) dinner with my friends at the moment and I am very happy to see them again.
  22. Jay never (to travel) overseas.
  23. We always (to have) a dog and a cat. We love pets.
  24. Larry never (to own) a sports car.

Answers: 1. Why has he stopped. 2.

My cousin is looking, he hasn’t found. 3. It has been. 4. What are you studying. 5. They have just given you a pay rise. 6. She is knitting. 7. Have you only had, you haven’t eaten. 8. People are planting. 9. Are you going. 10. Johnny, who has finally found, is giving. 11. How long have you been. 2. Have you seen. 13.

What are you looking. 14. Nancy is looking. 15. She is going, she is not going. 16. Has Mike left. 17. Have they paid. 18. How long have you known. 19. Your car is making. 20. The boy has done, is taking. 21. I am having. 22. Jay has never travelled. 23. We have always had. 24. Larry has never owned.

Exercise 8. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect или Past Simple

  1.  It (to be) very cold yesterday.
  2. When you (to meet) him?
  3. I (not to see) him since 1997.
  4.  How many mushrooms you (to gather)?
  5. Where you (to put) the newspaper? I want to read it, but cannot find it anywhere.
  6.  The new school (to begin) work­ing last year.

  7.  At last I (to do) all my homework: now I shall go out.
  8.  The building of the house (to begin) early in April.
  9. The rain (to stop) but a cold wind is still blowing.
  10.  We already (to solve) the problem.
  11. He (to come) a moment ago.
  12.  I nev­er (to speak) to him.
  13.  He just (to finish) his work.

  14.  You (to make) any spelling mistakes in your dic­tation?
  15.  What books you (to read) when you (to live) in the country?
  16.  They (not yet to come) from the south.
  17.  He (to be) ill last week, but now he (to recover).
  18. If everybody (to read) this new nov­el, let’s discuss it.
  19. You (to book) tickets? — Yes, I … .

    I (to book) them several days ago.

  20.  I can hardly recognize you. I (not to see) you since you (to leave) for Moscow. And you (to change) so much.
  21.  You (to read) all the books on this shelf?
  22. I (not to see) my cousin since last year.

  23.  Why you (to put) these things in the wrong place?
  24. Why you (to leave) the door open? You will catch cold sitting in the draught.
  25.  «We (not to meet) for such a long time!» said my friend. «Yes, indeed,»I answered, «and we both (to grow).»

Answers: 1. it was. 2. When did you meet. 3. I have not seen. 4.

Have you gathered. 5. Where have you put. 6. The new school began working. 7. I have done. 8. The building of the house began. 9. The rain has stopped. 10. We have already solved. 11. He came. 12. I have never spoken. 13. He has just finished. 14. Have you made. 15. What books did you read, you lived. 16. They have not yet come. 17. He was, he has recovered. 18.

Everybody has read. 19. Have you booked, I have, I booked 20. I have not seen, you left, you have changed. 21. Have you read. 22. I have not seen. 23. Why have you put. 24. Why have you left. 25. We have not met, we both have grown.

WELL DONE!

Литература:

  1. Павличенко О.М. Английский язык. Грамматический практикум. II уровень. — 2-е изд., испр. и доп. — X.: Ранок, 2012. — 304 с.
  2. Голицынский Ю.Б. Грамматика: Сборник упражнений. — 5-е изд., — СПб: КАРО, 2005. — 544 с. — (Английский язык для школьников).

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Источник: https://engfairy.com/the-present-perfect-tense-uprazhneniya/

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